"On August 2, 1920, more than 20,000 African Americans gathered at Madison Square Garden in New York, which, at the time, was the largest indoor auditorium in the country. The UNIA (Universal Negro Improvement Association) convened this meeting to develop a 54 statement Bill of Rights. Their motto was 'Africa for the Africans, Let Africa be Our Guiding Star.' The participants of that historic meeting declared that night that the word 'Negro' was going to be capitalized.
Then the leader of the UNIA movement entered onto the main stage. There was a 15-minute standing ovation for the young printer from Jamaica whose vision included Black-owned ships, stores, newspapers, banks, and churches. When the crowd finally took their seats, Marcus Garvey unveiled the liberation flag; the red, the black, and the green. Red for the blood, black for the people, and green for the land. The Black nation would never be the same again. Marcus Garvey went on to organize more than a million people to promote the concept of Black nationalism." -From, "Sankofa: Stories of Power, Hope, and Joy" By: Jawanza Kunjufu